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P52295 Bunker Fuel Blending
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Bunker Fuel Blending

11 – 12 November 2019 | Mandarin Orchard Hotel Singapore

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MCF Training Grant Is Available For Eligible Participants.
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The 2-day Bunker Fuel Blending seminar is aimed at providing participants a technical, introductory and practical guideline on blending heavy fuel oil.

In light of IMO’s increased enforcement on bunker fuel’s sulphur 0.5% limit effective from 1 Jan 2020, the necessity for ensuring compatibility, stability in fuel oil’s quality specifications as well as the importance of optimisation methods have become more evident than ever. Throughout the Bunker Fuel Blending course, expert trainer will enable participants to gain understanding and exercises on:

  • Blending properties’ calculation, pricing & application
  • Blending components compatibility
  • Blend control and QA
  • Optimisation in Bunker fuel blending
  • Lab testing and Industry standards (ISO 8217, SS 524 & 600, ISO 9001, 17025, ASTM / IP / ISO test methodology etc)
  • Bunker blending economics and Profit blend optimiser
  • Blending for sulphur compliance 2020 and the future

Who Should Attend

This course is beneficial for supervisors, managers, senior managers across functions in marketing, trading, economic planning, labs supervision who need better technical understanding of bunker fuel blending – including Fuel oil traders, Bunker operators, Bunker oil trader, Planning engineers.

What Attendees Liked About This Course

“The programme is in-depth offered me a good overview of the IMO 2020, and confirmed my previous understanding.”
– Joal Evangelista, Legal Counsel, Vale International Singapore

“Programme’s content is well developed, good size of participants, great interactions with trainers and attendees over 2 days.”
– Gomes Kevin Mark, Operations Executive – Marine, Singapore Petroleum Company

“A lot of knowledge is shared on blending operations know-how, the calculations and economics as well as legal issues.”
– Nakai Kazuki, Trading Manager Marubeni International Petroleum

“My exposure to the bunker industry is well broadened throughout this course.”
– Loh Yuan He, Senior Manager, MPA Singapore

“Good overview of the industry relevant to our business. We can apply better calculations in blending and revisit details in our bunker sales T&Cs.”
– Henri Sentosa, Managing Director, Trillion Energy



Frans van den Berg

Highlight specialties:

  • Blending operations for LSFO and sulphur compliance 2020
  • Claims and incident investigations
  • Developed methods for fuel oil quality measurement (ASTM D7060, FIA Combustion analyser IP541, Filtration test rig, etc)
  • Fuel oil quality assurance system
  • Industry standards (ISO 8217, SS 524 & 600, ISO 9001, 17025, ASTM / IP / ISO test methodology etc)
  • Optimisation in bunker fuel blending; blend control and QA
  • Exploration & production of heavy fuel oil
  • Transportation, manufacturing and blending of heavy fuel oil products
  • In-line blending, lab testing & on-line testing

Frans has 40 years of experience in crude oil, heavy fuel oil and product quality as a senior R&D technologist. He spent the most part of his career at Shell working in a variety of roles, global locations and management positions, directly involved in all elements of the fuel oil supply chain, from manufacturing in the refinery to problem solving for individual bunker fuel customers.

As a senior research technologist, Frans and his team developed new methods for measuring fuel oil quality, such as the Automatic Stability Analyzer (ASTM D7060), the FIA combustion analyzer (IP541, in cooperation with Fueltech) and a filtration test rig. 

In his role as Fuel Oil Technology Manager Frans was responsible for a global team supporting Shell fuel oil operations worldwide; he played a significant role in setting up Shell’s Fuel Oil Quality Assurance System, supported refineries and terminals in blending operations and led numerous investigations in claims and incidents.

Most recently, as a Principal Scientist in the Emerging Technologies Group of Shell Global Solutions International, Frans was responsible for scouting and evaluating new developments in Heavy Oil technology in both Upstream (exploration and production) and downstream (transport, manufacturing and blending products) around the world. He held an instrumental role in preparing Shell sites for blending low sulphur fuels for shipping, e.g. for the Pernis refinery and the former Argos terminal (now Varo) in Rotterdam. This also included a study into unusual blending components. He and his team gave input to several editions of ISO 8217, notably on the CCAI parameter, on H2S limits in fuel oil, on flashpoint and on silicon and aluminum specifications.

Frans has given many fuel oil courses to both Shell and non-Shell customers in Europe, the Far East, North and South America, Asia Pacific as well as in Africa. Following his retirement from Shell, Frans joined Petrogenium as Principal Consultant for Residue Upgrading, Crude Oil and Product Quality as well as providing training through his private consultancy Black Oil Solutions, focused on fuel oil, crude oil and residue conversion. His recent fuel oil customers include ARQ, Bayern Oil, McKinsey, PTT, SGS, and Vitol.

Digital Badge

Upon completion of this training course, participants will earn a digital badge.

Earners of this badge have acquired practical understanding of technical blending for heavy fuel oil. They have scrutinised various techniques on blending properties’ calculation, pricing & application, stability & compatibility, lab testing & industry standard, blending economics and profit blend optimiser, 2020 compliance blending operations as well as quality claims & dispute handling

bunker, heavy fuel oil, blending, economics, profit blend optimiser, compliance blending, calculation, pricing, stability, compatibility, in-line blending, MARPOL, iso 4259, claims handling

Attend and participate in the 2 full days of training course duration, led by the designated training expert

Available to:
Seminar attendees

Digital Badge FAQ >


Day 1

General introduction

  • Brief explanation course program
  • Various types of blending – overview
  • Why blending is necessary

Introduction to fuel oil

  • What is fuel oil, brief history
  • Manufacturing routes
  • Supply and demand trends toward 2020

Specifications, components and test methods

  • ISO 8217 and latest changes
  • Relevance of individual properties and test methods
  • Fit-for-purpose versus on-spec
  • Blend stock components and their properties

Stability and compatibility of bunker fuel

  • Fundamentals of asphaltene stability
  • Current test methods
  • Best Practices and Exercise: Prediction of asphaltene stability

Bunker fuel blending, components and tools

  • Blending systems (in tank, in-line, in-line with ratio control)
    • In-line blending – advantages and key considerations
    • Inventory reduction
    • Tankage minimisation
    • Tank capacity and quality management
  • Linear and Non-Linear blending rules (including exercises)
  • Unusual blending components
  • Blending software and equipment

Blend Control and Quality Assurance

  • Quality management
  • Documentation
  • MARPOL Samples
  • Reproducibility and repeatability of tests

Storage and handling of bunker fuel

  • Fuel oil tanks
  • Mixing systems
  • Additives

Day 2

Laboratories Testing and On-Line Testing

  • Role of the laboratory (including repeatability and reproducibility)
  • Discussion of the benefits of laboratory testing and on-line testing
  • Various types of on-line testing methods
  • Lab testing standards (ISO 9001, 17025, ASTM/IP/ISO test methodology, SS524 & 600)

Blending economics

  • Blending tools and optimisation
  • Single and multi-blend optimisation
  • Quality give-away
  • Ensuring the maximum profit from a blend

Blending for 0.5% Sulphur Compliance

  • Current status
  • Impact on bunker fuel customers
  • Impact on fuel oil quality and pricing
  • Necessary components for 0.5% LSFO Blending
  • Challenges and problems expected
  • Ensuring stability and Compatibility
  • Avoiding off spec fuel from blending operations

Bunker fuel complaints

  • Survey and updates of fuel oil complaints
  • Examples of problem fuels (including exercise)
  • ISO 4259 for dispute handling

Liability and Claims Handling (Guest: Corin Rickett as previous)

  • Responsibilities for bunker fuel quality
  • Warranties under bunker supply contract
  • Contamination of bunkers and blend incompatibility
  • BIMCO Bunker quality & liability clause
  • ISO 8217
  • Potential legal claims (Charterers vs Contractual Bunker Suppliers vs Physical Bunker Suppliers vs Owners)
  • Claims and claims handling
  • Bunker supplier defense

Bunker Fuel HSE aspects

  • Health and safety aspects
  • Emissions
  • Legislation


  • Q+A session
  • Course evaluation

when & where

11 - 12 Nov 2019

Mandarin Orchard Singapore, by Meritus
333 Orchard Road, Singapore 238867
Tel: +65 6831 6062 | Fax: +65 6737 3130
Mobile No.: +65 8298 9442

Contact Person: Tan Ai Li

On-site & in-house training

Deliver this course how you want, where you want, when you want – and save up to 40%! 8+ employees seeking training on the same topic?

Talk to us about an on-site/in-house & customised solution.


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